Top 10 Professional Courses after 12th Standard

Indian students consider Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC)/12th as turning point of their lives. Post HSC, students are confronted with multiple choices. Indian colleges and universities offer wide range of courses.

Higher studies after 12th standards come in two categories: Bachelor/ Diploma degree profession linked courses.

Degree/ Diploma courses

These include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Science. Archaic Indian education system permits students to opt for these studies provided they have passed HSC exams in corresponding subjects.

For example, students who take science subjects for HSC usually enroll of BSc while those with commerce studies go for B.Com and arts for BA.

Flawed, inexplicable, opaque migration pattern

Arts students cannot migrate to science or commerce because they are considered relatively tougher subjects, for reasons best known to concerned authorities. Strangely, science and commerce stream HSC students can migrate to arts for their graduation studies- another fundamental problem in the Indian education system.

Job market compatibility

Regardless, BA, B.Com and BSc students face some disadvantage in domestic job market unless they opt for further, employment specific qualifications. These can range from ubiquitous Master of Business Administration to Chartered Accountancy, Microbiology to Social Science.

None of these qualifications assure a job; they only negate an inherent disadvantage over counterparts who study profession linked courses.

Advantage professional courses after 12th

Thanks to reforms in India’s education system, higher study courses that prepare students directly for specific professions are available.

Profession linked course, wrongly termed ‘Professional Course’ in India, provide one distinct advantage over undergraduate courses.

They assure basic employment in that specific sector. Employers seek final year students for work, before or immediately after completing the course.

Practicality over perfidiousness

Indubitably, a profession linked course is better than regular graduation. Some profession centric courses are perfidious: They deceive students into falsely imagining successful career.

Topmost among profession oriented courses that do not pay well are medicine and engineering. Indian Medical Council estimates over 200,000 qualified physicians countrywide are languishing sans employment.

Medical colleges in India churn out some 50,000 doctors annually. All India Council for Technical Education reports, 60 percent of the one million engineers who graduate every year, go unemployed.

Fatal career decisions

Suicide rate among unemployed doctors and engineers is alarming. India has the highest rate of suicides among people aged between 15 and 29 years, with career and unemployment related deaths ranking fairly high. Lack of proper career guidance and career counseling is quoted as reason.

Pressure from parents to study or follow a particular profession is cited as main cause for suicides among students. According to National Crime Records Bureau, a total of 135,445 Indian committed suicide in 2016, including 79,773 men and 40,715 women.

A shocking 40 out of every 100,000 Indians between 15 and 29 commits suicide due to career/ employment issues.

Disclaimer and Important Note

SureJob does not endorse or oppose any profession, career, course or educational institute. Higher education and career are strictly the choice of students and their parents.

This article is solely intended to serve as guidelines for work oriented courses. This website and its owners are not liable for damages of any nature arising due to decisions based on this article.

Top 10 Professional Courses After 12th

1) Engineering

By far, engineering remains one of the career oriented conventional professional course in India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) states, about one million engineers graduate from government universities, polytechnics and private colleges every year.

Unspecified number of Indian students opt for engineering studies in the US and Australia. An engineering course in India costs anything between Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the institute and branch you are choosing.

Top colleges for engineering are Indian Institute for Technology (IIT), College of Technology, Pune, Visveswaraya Institute of Engineering, Bengaluru and Mumbai based Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Sri Bhagubhai Mafatlal Polytechnic and Virmata Jijabai Technological Institute.

2) Law

The demand for law studies in India remains very high. Universities Grant Commission estimates, some 400,000 students graduate with law degrees every year.

The five year course called Bachelor of Arts and Legum Baccalaureus (LLB) is offered primarily at government colleges in India.

A typical BA, LLB course costs around Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 300,000 depending upon the university. Government Law Colleges across the country affiliated to state-run universities offer the course.

3) Medicine

One of the most attractive course after 12th. Over 55,000 students graduate as doctors every year. These include graduates in Allopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani and dentistry streams of medicine.

Common courses are Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science (MBBS), Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Science (BAMS), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Science (BUMS), Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Science (BHMS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS).

In some universities, the word ‘science’ is replaced by ‘surgery’. A course in medical studies costs Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million.

Top colleges in India are All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, Grant Medical College, Mumbai, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Jamia Milia University, New Delhi, Government Medical College, Puducherry and JIPMER, Jaipur.

Courses in psychiatry are offered by National Institute of Mental Health and Neurological Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore and Institute of Psychiatry and Human Behaviour, Goa.

4) Architecture

An estimated 50,000 students graduate from the five-year Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) course in India every year.

But this figure is ambiguous. Various societies of architectures state, civil engineers also study architecture online or private colleges informally.

An architecture course costs between Rs. 200,000 to Rs. 500,000 depending upon the institute.

Top architecture institutes include JJ School of Architecture, Mumbai, Narsi Monjee College of Management, Mumbai and various state-run universities.

5) Journalism

The boom in advertising as well as print, electronic and digital news media, increase in film production has seen a corresponding rise in number of students opting for media and journalism studies as one of the top course after 12th.

Typical journalism courses are of three years and cost around Rs. 300,000 for a Bachelor of Communication and Journalism or Bachelor of Mass Communication degree.

Top universities in this field Osmania University, Hyderabad, Pune University, St. Xavier Institutes, various locations.

The exact number of journalism graduates remains unknown because the stream is considered part of fine arts and literature studies.

6) Chartered Accountant

The best professional course for higher education is Chartered Accountancy. The three to five year course, depending upon the amount of time taken to complete it, allows flexibility to work and study.

Indeed, it is mandatory to work while studying. CA course and exam is administered by ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and no other college or university is authorized to qualify a person as a CA.

The course costs around Rs. 50,000 only, which is the cheapest for all profession related studies. An estimated 100,000 students enroll for the CA exams but only three percent actually complete this highly complex and competitive course.

7) Internet, web designing, IT

India ranks as the top destination for foreign companies looking to hire IT experts. Over 100,000 students enroll for various IT or web design courses in India.

But this figure is far from accurate since a large number of engineering students also take IT related studies as part of their course.

Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Computer Management are some of the top IT related courses offered by various colleges and universities.

A typical three-year course costs around Rs. 400,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the college/ university. IIT and various state-run universities are the best for IT studies.

8) Pharmacy

About 25,000 students graduate as pharmacist from various universities in India every year. Pharmacy studies are gaining momentum due to opening of several new and private healthcare facilities across the country.

India’s Food and Drug Administration has also made it mandatory for all large medical companies, distributors and retailers to hire qualified pharmacists, as part of licensing policy.

A pharmacy course- BPharm- is spread over three years and costs about Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 200,000 each. All major state-run universities offer BPharm courses.

9) Nursing

India requires tens of thousands of nurses, paramedics and care-givers annually due to burgeoning healthcare scenarios.

BSc Nursing is an excellent course to study if you possess acumen for caring for humans of all ages and a stomach to witness blood and gore typical to accidents and surgery wards.

Around 20,000 male and female nurses graduate every year from various medical and nursing colleges in India. Topmost among them are Maharashtra Nursing College, Government College of Nursing, Kerala, Goa Nursing College, various hospitals and medicine study institutes and universities.

A BSc Nursing degree costs between Rs. 100,000 and Rs. 300,000.

10) Commercial Pilot

A huge demand for qualified commercial pilots exists in India as the country’s aviation sector witnesses a boom. Flying is also a very lucrative profession after 12th

It offers commercial pilots an opportunity to see the world. Sadly, training institutes for pilots in India are few. Most aspiring commercial pilots are forced to study abroad or join the Indian Armed Forces for training.

A flying course costs whopping Rs.2.5 million and upwards. India requires about 8,000 commercial pilots annually to keep airlines operational. Local flying schools account for less than 1,000 trained pilots.

A bulk of pilots for India’s civil aviation are provided by the Indian Air Force. The only major flying school in India is Government Aviation Training Institute.

Think out of the box

The course will define your career option after 12th and future life. Sadly in India, students are plagued by the ‘Me Too’ syndrome.

They join a flock rather than study something offbeat. Below are some excellent courses that offer great careers but are relatively unknown-

  • Forensic sciences.
  • Agriculture ( including horticulture and floriculture)
  • Marine biology
  • Geology
  • Logistics and warehousing
  • Pyrotechnics
  • Nutrition
  • Food technology
  • Micro Biology
  • Industrial safety and security

In conclusion

Several key factors are considered by students while enrolling for career oriented professional courses after 12th. In India, the sole decisive factor the tag a student or graduate gets.

Youngsters are more inclined to study for medicine, engineering or IT despite inherent shortcomings of the profession. They choose courses that offer them a tag or label that decides their social status.

Indians go for degrees based on social and matrimonial considerations rather than interest and profitability. Parents do not allow kids to digress from their own archaic beliefs. Great career options are available for all who pass HSC exams.

505 Comments

  1. bhanu joshi on February 6, 2016 at 8:41 pm

    My question is after 12th who courses is best for girls in commerse side pls tell me

  2. rev on January 24, 2016 at 9:16 am

    This is very useful

  3. AP AJAY on January 23, 2016 at 8:58 pm

    I AM GOING TO DO MBBS

  4. ramya on January 22, 2016 at 3:16 pm

    very useful

  5. Lucky on January 20, 2016 at 9:11 pm

    Please help me
    what i do aftr 12 aarts stream

  6. Mousumi on January 11, 2016 at 11:04 am

    It’s very helpful for me…
    Thank you so much..

  7. RD Narang on January 11, 2016 at 9:35 am

    I m too much confused to take my careerWill u please help me to suggested what type of course is good for me and I m economic and mathematics student,, im.best in math,, so.frndz tell what I do next 12th

  8. sneha on January 9, 2016 at 1:45 pm

    my daughter studying in 10 std she wants to know what subject to take after 10th in puc and also wants to know after 12th what to take but she is not interested in medicine

  9. Meholi Banerjee on January 3, 2016 at 11:16 pm

    MY daughter is a Science Student(Math/Physics/Chem/Bio) and appearing H..S.Exam,WB in 2016. My daughter is of very homely and she is also my only daughter, hence I like to think her carrier mainly for job within West Bengal. Please let me know what courses are best for her for future life in JOB.She also got 90% marks in Madhyamik,WB (i/c. both 100 in Maths and Biology)

    • VOTC on March 22, 2016 at 2:24 am

      She may choose occupational therapy (BOT) as a career. National Institute of Orthopedically Handicapped, Kolkata, WB runs this course. It has very good job prospects throughout India including multiple opportunities in WB. Upon graduation, with little work experience, she may also do private practice.

    • Tuhin on March 31, 2016 at 1:15 pm

      She should apply for engineering (IT or CS which are office jobs also suitable for women ) or doctor or nurse. Otherwise B.SC hons in maths would be good for her. But also it depends on her own interest.

    • Dr.Md Asif Ali,M.B.B.S, on January 1, 2017 at 3:58 pm

      I encourage her to pursue her career in medicine.because medicine is most best career.serve the peoples is good also.i think she is talented student.because she got centum in both subjects.these subjects also tough.i preferred her to pursue mbbs.encougarage her to sit on NEET exam.she will get medical seat easily.

    • Rick on January 14, 2017 at 3:15 pm

      A typical Bengali Mother. like daughter like mom.

      • Rick on January 14, 2017 at 3:17 pm

        I’m sorry don’t take that personally.

    • SAYAK on January 19, 2017 at 7:54 pm

      MAM,SHE IS YOUR DAUGHTER,U R RESPONSIBLE FOR HER….BUT SHE SHOULD KNOW IN WHAT SHE IS GOOD OR WHAT SHE WANT TO DO.BUT AS U ASKED HERE ARE MY SUGGESTIONS
      -IF SHE CAN TAKE STRESS SO CHIMICAL OR AEROSPACE ENGINEERING, IF CAN DO HARD WORK SO GENERAL IN PHY,CHE OR MATH, GOOD IN PHYSICAL STRENGTH SO MARINE OR ARMY RELATED ENGINEERING…LAST WHAT HER MIND IS TELLING HER…BECAUSE HER LIFE SO HER DICISION SHOULD BE GIVEN MORE IMPORTANCE.

    • Rick Das on February 7, 2017 at 4:02 pm

      Contact me for the best guidance.

    • GOKUL KUMAR on March 8, 2017 at 8:23 am

      better she goes for engineering or medicine because in both subjects she is perfect which is projected from her hsc marks if she do medicine then she can stay in her home

    • Dr. Karthik Mani on March 22, 2017 at 2:22 am

      Your daughter may consider becoming an occupational therapist. The National Institute of Orthopedically Handicapped (NIOH), Kolkata offers the Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT) course.

      Occupational Therapy (OT) is one of the best careers now if one is interested in becoming a healthcare professional. The OT professionals provide functional rehabilitation to individuals with disease, dysfunction, and disabilities of all ages. Occupational therapy is a 4 .5 years long professional course (BOT). There are plenty of vacancies in India and abroad. A recent national survey identified 30000 INR as the average monthly salary for entry-level (soon after graduation) professionals. Qualified occupational therapists can also do private practice.

  10. Kriti Raj on December 23, 2015 at 12:08 pm

    this is very helpful all of us

  11. Navyashree sr on December 1, 2015 at 1:09 pm

    It’s really helpful…im an bsc student bt i like to do CA can i do that.plz…suggest me

    • davinder on January 27, 2017 at 11:43 am

      Don’t go for CA .its my heartly suggestion
      for you…i know how students get frustrated
      …you can see the comments of ca students
      at quora

    • NAGESH on February 22, 2017 at 9:00 am

      U can do but before entering into this course make sure that your basic are strong then you can do it very easly

    • prem on March 5, 2017 at 12:54 am

      Yes u can our guidance council contact 9711972404 prem Sir

  12. Sarfaraj Bhokare on November 29, 2015 at 10:35 pm

    This information is most useful.
    thanks so much

  13. makrand on November 17, 2015 at 3:14 pm

    I am 12th(sci pass 76%)what course 2year best

  14. sadam hussain on November 6, 2015 at 2:09 pm

    This is very usefull to all student.thank you so much.

  15. justin karthi kn on October 10, 2015 at 1:37 pm

    Its useful for me thank you

  16. sagar on August 25, 2015 at 8:26 am

    I want bright future after 12 th commerce so plz help me

    • Xavier on April 3, 2017 at 7:21 am

      I feel that you should opt for CABIN CREW…..BETTER SCOPE!BETTER CAREER! Salary is 1,75,000 per month in INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES. …and around 40,000 in DOMESTIC AIRLINES……BEST COLLEGE is FRANKFINN…..HOPE IT CLEARS! ALL THE BEST 🙂

  17. benny on August 23, 2015 at 12:31 pm

    This is very usefull to all students in thier life&career

  18. biru kumar on August 4, 2015 at 3:50 pm

    Am complete MBA with finance nd marketing than what’s course to benefits after mba

    • Manish Agrawal FCA on May 16, 2016 at 5:02 pm

      Only Practical Work & Day to Day Practice Required…. No Further Courses Required…

  19. Lalitha on July 31, 2015 at 11:04 am

    Important and efficient information have been shared great..!!

  20. Trupti pareek on July 28, 2015 at 7:35 pm

    I m too much confused for my future I m 12th student what course is best for me after 12 so i can secure my future

    • doctor shhiba on January 25, 2017 at 9:13 pm

      in whch field???

  21. manish kumar on July 24, 2015 at 6:35 pm

    Sir want to say i have completed my Bsc.
    Now i want to do profecional traning course which is helpful in getting jobs in this competative era
    Can you sugest me

  22. shweta on July 14, 2015 at 6:43 pm

    I m too much confused to take my career
    Will u please help me to suggested what type of course is good for me
    I m commerce student without maths and I m interested in law’s field

  23. jadhav Digambar on June 27, 2015 at 3:58 pm

    HSC MLT DMLT pass to admission
    Bsc hostility and Low

  24. Vijay on June 17, 2015 at 7:14 am

    Am very much useful of it thank u guys

    • manjunatha on April 4, 2017 at 7:49 pm

      Iam in 10 can i.take arts stream is it better

  25. Shubham Waghilkar on June 16, 2015 at 9:43 pm

    its good….!!!!! it really helped me alot…….

  26. ritika on June 15, 2015 at 10:25 am

    Thanku so muchhh..
    It was really helpful

  27. Roshiny on June 14, 2015 at 12:31 pm

    i want to become a journalist.but i dont have any help from any one plz help me

    • Razzaq on January 4, 2017 at 5:44 pm

      What should want u help call me 8151012338

  28. shubham jain on June 12, 2015 at 11:31 am

    Thanxx so much…. this is very helpful.

  29. saurabh chidrawar on June 6, 2015 at 3:31 pm

    I want to career in musc ‚ so suggest me best musical cource

  30. saurabh chidrawar on June 6, 2015 at 3:30 pm

    I want to career in music ‚so suggest me best cources

  31. Manisha on June 6, 2015 at 12:09 am

    Its very useful for youth

    • Avinash Raj on July 2, 2016 at 12:18 pm

      thank you

  32. sanhita bhattacharya on June 5, 2015 at 6:20 pm

    i am a bsc mathematics honours student…..2nd year…now i want to leave this bsc field…and i wanna be a professional archietector or a a engineer….is it possible?

    • BNB on May 21, 2016 at 9:40 pm

      Hi sanhita, it is possible, after completing ur course, u can take admission to engineering course based on ur B.Sc result (math, physics or chemistry hn), Rajabazar science college is organized the engineering degrees under Calcutta University

    • Col Rakesh on December 7, 2016 at 7:48 am

      Forget first year B.Sc and join a 4 year Engg Course of ur choice.

    • pavin on May 13, 2017 at 3:58 pm

      I am pavin. Also a mathematics graduate.
      first of all identify your skills than you can try .
      the important things are
      communication(english & mother language)
      create or fix your aim.
      identify your unique skills.

  33. Anubhav on June 1, 2015 at 11:43 am

    where is CS? Company Secretary course conducted by ICSI (Institute of Company Secretaries of India)

    • Sarvesh grewal on April 21, 2017 at 1:36 pm

      It is also in your city find out

  34. Hanzala hammad on May 25, 2015 at 9:48 pm

    Please give me the best course after 12 having job security and cost. l am from science background

    • AKSHAY on May 2, 2016 at 6:05 pm

      GUIDE ME

    • Rafi Ahmad on June 15, 2016 at 12:00 pm

      thnx to giving ur suggetion

    • Manish Kumar on July 28, 2016 at 9:12 am

      Government Jobs give more security

  35. Arka Saha on May 22, 2015 at 2:49 am

    It is so helpful to me. Thank u for it.

  36. shivahari on May 20, 2015 at 7:16 pm

    It’s very helpful to take a bright future

  37. RAMANA on May 20, 2015 at 2:32 pm

    it is very useful.

  38. rupal baid on May 17, 2015 at 11:50 pm

    If I have taken commerce without mathematics… Do I have scope for CA

    • preeti on January 17, 2016 at 4:15 am

      With out mathematics hòw and where are you doing commerce course???

      CA is full on Maths, Accounting.

    • yash on January 18, 2016 at 3:17 pm

      Yes you have scope for CA

    • manish on April 3, 2016 at 5:49 pm

      ca is for sure

    • Krishnapriya.S on May 10, 2016 at 10:04 am

      yes you have scope for CA even if you have not opted for maths…maths is required only for the entrance.i.e CPT…

    • kamal on May 16, 2016 at 10:26 pm

      yes,if you have completed the b.com then u can join this course

    • Ben 10 on June 20, 2016 at 6:04 pm

      Naaaa

    • sai on July 23, 2016 at 1:30 pm

      yes

    • Harsh kaushal on August 1, 2016 at 3:47 pm

      no because in the CPT their is a section of mathematics

    • Zeel on November 2, 2016 at 4:02 pm

      Yes….C.A. is open for the commerce students with and with out mathematics.Best of luck for your career

    • paramjeet kaur on November 11, 2016 at 1:28 pm

      yes you can opt for CA but you need to learn the basics of maths.
      No need to worry about it.

    • Sarvesh grewal on April 21, 2017 at 1:37 pm

      Yes you can

  39. Nilza on May 14, 2015 at 3:54 pm

    Thank you so much ..it’s really helpful.

    • yashwanth naidu on March 27, 2016 at 7:59 pm

      My name is yashwanth i will complete the intermediate i got 88% BUT i dont no what corse i will take it .please give your best courses EXPECT [ B.tech &Degree]

  40. rohan .k on April 21, 2015 at 8:33 pm

    it is helping me a lot .. in understanding everything what is there .thank u very muchhh.

    • Jeivik on May 26, 2016 at 2:25 pm

      Make your font small and use some pics

    • Naidu on August 18, 2016 at 7:29 pm

      tnqs

    • md Rashid on February 15, 2017 at 2:36 am

      B pharm

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