How to Make a Perfect Resume – A Guide for Creating Resume

This article is designed for those that want to master the techniques of preparing a great resume and thus increase their chances of success in finding a job. In this article we emphasize the importance and objectives of the curriculum and explains its development and offer several important tips and recommendations for its development.

After reading this chapter you will learn how to make a resume, that is, how to build a resume. You will see several examples of curriculum that can serve as a basis for the preparation of your resume.

Currently the competition to find a job is too big be it a private job or a sarkari naukri. Companies receive many resumes and the first activity of the Department of Recruitment and Selection is to select the curriculum. Only the best curriculum will spend this first phase. Thus, the job seeker must try and learn all the techniques that will facilitate your success in this first selection and be called for an interview. The greater the number of interviews, greater the chances of getting a placement.

This article has as one of its objectives to sensitize people to the strategic importance of this great piece of marketing and the most important product in the world that is YOU.


1. Identification

  • Name of the professional – preferably at the top of the page.
  • Complete residential address – not forgetting of numbers such as zip code,
  • Date of Birth
  • Civil state
  • Birth
  • DDD telephone
  • Mobile Phones
  • Email
  • Time of day you can be contacted.

2. Objective-Professional

  • Write the position you want to occupy or area.
  • Set clear and briefly your professional goal (no more than one line). Remember that all information on your resume should be aligned with the professional goal.

Put your career goal and not particular goals. Items of your resume that are not aligned with the goal should be less emphasized or not included. Examples: office assistant, sales representative, executive secretary etc. Caution: Do not mention that he worked in sales for a period if your goal is to be supervising the human resources department.

3. Schooling or Academic

Level of education that has, course name, date the completed, school or university attended; mean (if it is positive).

4. Refresher courses

  • The training courses, seminars, lectures, seminars, graduate, specialty and technicians must be related by placing the most recent first.
  • Do not list courses in excess or outside professional goal.
  • Do not list courses whose technology has fallen into disuse.
  • List lectures and seminars relevant.
  • Do not report all your transcripts. Place the last course completed. Eg if you have college is not necessary to report what school he attended the 2nd degree etc..

5. Professional Experience

  • Start by most recent posts.

Put only the last three jobs or more important for the vacancy in or in relation to your professional goal.

Tell-year entry and exit, company name, the position held

  • For each position a brief description of the activities and achievements, level of responsibility and results. Do not just say what his position but did tell what in practice as this is what will make the difference. This error is done by most of committed professionals.
  • Use action verbs: realized, deployed, etc. organized.
  • Highlight your accomplishments that resulted in benefit to the company. Example: reduced costs, reduced administrative costs, improved relationship with the market.
  • Those who have never had jobs indicating: work experience, paid or unpaid, which have developed in part time or casual employees.
  • Tell internships (when, where and the role).
  • Do not explain why you left the previous job or because you want to leave the current.
  • Do not let the salary or final salary. Except if requested by the company.
  • Identify the differences (including scholarships, research, undergraduate research projects etc. ..
  • Do not place activities that are not consistent with your goal. Example: You are a candidate for a vacant Planning Analyst Manufacturing but worked in sales for a period.
  • If was promoted repeatedly emphasize these facts. Examples: Manager Commercial Metals Division. I was responsible for sales, marketing, export, import, development of products and markets and service code customer service. Sales in 2000: $ 54 million.
  • Increased the market share of 5% to 25%.

6. Languages

Mentioning language skills indicate the level that dominates: fluent, regular, basic speaking and / or writing.

  • Example: English – fluent – speaking and writing
  • English – basics – reading. Spanish – regular – read and speak

7. Informatics

Inform-level knowledge – notions or domain programming environments, etc..

If you know how to use the Internet place.

8. Travel

Cite trips abroad (even for tourism proving that experience acquired abroad, assimilated new cultures and enhanced certain language).

9. Other activities

Indicate any activities (cultural, sports, unions and associations).

Chronological resume

This is the most used type of curriculum and its structure was presented in the previous section.


The information is presented in chronological order (usually reverse) starting with the latest. Much appreciated by recruiters because of the speed, objectivity reading, to be clear, rather schematic, objective, very straightforward and easy to analyze. It is the most used.

When to Use

Should be used by applicants who describe a professional history without interruption, which shows a harmonious career. Candidates looking for a next step in your career

When not using

If you have little experience. When you need to hide a less favorable. When the last experience is not the most relevant to the desired position. While there have been many job changes. When there are many career changes.

Examples of chronological resumes

Click here and see models of resumes. The names of companies and professionals are fictitious.

Functional Resume


  • The main focus is the function (which works performed) instead of the companies where he worked.
  • The information is grouped by the functions performed or skills, regardless of their sequence in time.
  • The story / experience is divided into specific knowledge / administrative, communication skills, problem solving and technical expertise. Example: “During the internship in the company x had the opportunity to develop the function Y, where I was given the opportunity to acquire knowledge in the area …”.
  • Emphasize the aspects that are most appropriate for the company or position in question. A chronological list of employers is only presented in the end.

When to use

  • When it ends, the upper and if you want the first job.
  • When unemployed, highlight the past achievements and not the current situation.
  • When the job requires extensive knowledge of their professional experience and specific qualifications not accumulated.
  • For young professionals with professional short story.
  • Applicants whose resume presenting career breaks is not always easy to explain.
  • Professionals who wish to change careers.
  • Professionals whose current function is not the most representative of their skills and professional achievements.
  • When you want to highlight the occupation and skills obtained from her.
  • When you need to hide certain details (eg: course average low or little experience for the position you are applying for.
  • When you want to create space for a personal presentation in which you can convince a potential employer that values ​​ambition, critical capacity and the ability of expression.


Many recruitment specialists, and prospective employers consider it with suspicion because of masking see as weaknesses, information hiding etc..

It's very subjective and can cause different interpretations.

It's usually very extensive which requires greater attention from the grader who often do not have time and ignores the curriculum and the candidate.

Examples of functional resumes

Click on the link above and see models of resumes. The names of companies and professionals are fictitious.

Chronological and functional resume


  • Attempts to reconcile the chronological model with the flexibility and versatility of functional resume. This format is most appreciated by recruiters.
  • Associates the reverse chronological order of the companies with offices enhancing the functional experience.

It's the strongest model and communicative.

When to use

  • When you are on top of their career.
  • When you want to change companies but continuing in the same industry.
  • When you need to focus on the current situation.

Examples of chronological and functional resumes

Click on the link above and see models of resumes. The names of companies and professionals are fictitious.

Cover letter

What is the importance of a cover letter?

  • It is a marketing tool as important as the resume. It's on the chart where you can make your marketing, show who you are, highlighting their experiences and qualities.
  • It is an extremely important tool for generating interest by selecting and reading your resume. This importance is due to the large amount of resumes received by a company, via email.
  • A cover letter should always accompany your resume because it is what makes the difference between getting an interview and having your resume ignored completely.
  • A resume without a cover letter is like a salesman who presents the product to the client but does not say a word about the qualities of the product.
  • Never send your resume without a cover letter because the result is usually zero or negative and will be wasting a great opportunity.
  • The time invested in preparing your cover letter will completely pay. It is important to note that writing a letter is easier than it seems.

What is a cover letter?

  • It is a letter that presents the candidate for the job in a company, forwarding the enclosed resume. It is used by the recruiters as a form of pre-selection of the number of resumes.
  • It is a very brief letter that presents a very concise form, the experiences, skills and abilities of the candidate.

Example of cover letter

Dear Sirs,

In search of new work proposal to the administrative department – Financial, I give you my resume attached.

Between my basic characteristics are: adaptability, good humor, dynamism, responsibility, fast learning, commitment, hard work and good relationship in general.

Inform you that I am also available for travel, according to the company's need.

Looking forward to contact, I place myself at your disposal to provide them with further clarification.


So and so

What is the main purpose of a cover letter?

Make sure your resume is selected, read and analyzed by recruiters and can generate the desired interview.

Types of cover letters

Before sending the letter first choose the type of cover letter should be designed specifically for the purpose it is focusing.

1. Cover letter for response to an ad.

Customize the cover letter to the position shown in the ad. The reader should note quickly that you are a good candidate.

2. Cover letter for demand of open positions (prospecting letter)

It is a letter querying about possible open positions. This type of letter should be personalized so that the reader knows who has knowledge about the company and its mission. By sending this type of letter always send your resume attached.

3. Cover letter for sending to the network (networking)

Letters sent to your network are letters requesting assistance in identifying open positions in companies. Send your resume along with a cover letter so that the reader can know your experience and skills.

How to customize the cover letter?

The cover letter should be customized for each position and who is running for each company. This customization chart for each company requires an investment of your time but, rest assured, will generate excellent returns.

  • If possible, send the letter to the professional responsible for hiring. If necessary, do research online or by phone to find the name of the manager who is hiring.
  • List the criteria that the company is looking for and demonstrate how your skills and qualifications and experience meet each criterion presented by the company. Emphasize your strengths and differences and only mention aspects that relate to the post.
  • If you know someone who works in the company, mention their name in the cover letter. This will make your cover letter has special attention. If possible, make contact with someone who knows the company and ask to recommend the recruiting department.
  • In the first paragraph of the letter, mention how you learned of the open position in the company.
  • Visit the company's website and get information (mission, etc..) And mention in your cover letter

Important tips for drafting the letter.

1 – Selling sober and professional image.

Maintain a formal tone. Use simple language, be clear and avoid very confusing phrases that may hinder the understanding of ideas.

2 – Convince and make a good first impression

Must convince and make a good first impression so that the reader is interested in reading / analyzing your resume and consequently generate an interview. Usually companies receive a large amount of resumes for an announcement and initial screening of resumes is done quickly.

What should be the format of the letter.

  • Must be written in computer except when the company requesting handwritten letter.
  • The letter should be brief, concise and direct. Should be brief. No more than three or four paragraphs. Should never move from one page.
  • Unlike the resume, should preferably have your signature at the end. If printed on paper shall be signed by hand.
  • The text should be arranged evenly on the sheet, keeping a balanced structure;
  • There should be major highlights or underscores;
  • Save the file with your name so you do not miss or mix with other materials
  • In the subject field of the email include the job title and your name. Example: Bryan Brando – Role of Administrative Manager.
  • Along with his signature include your name, address, phone numbers and email addresses in order to facilitate future contact.
  • Use a font that is easy to read. Eg: size 12, Arial, Verdana or Times New Roman. Use the same font on your resume. Leave blank lines between paragraphs, do not use formatted message and do not use HTML in the email body.

How to submit a letter

  • Must be submitted with resume even when the company does not ask.
  • Send cover letter in the email body and not as attachment (unless the notice so requires).
  • The letter should complement your resume (and not duplicate it).
  • What are the final checks to be made before sending the letter?
  • Check: company name, address, phone, e-mail address of the company, if the letter is indicating the position for which you are applying and missing letters or words.
  • Ask a friend or colleague to read the letter before sending it is easier to find a colleague errors.
  • Send an email to test and see how the formatting of the email which will send to the company.
  • Make a grammar check using your word processor (Example: word). Take extra care with vocabulary, so that will take the text and avoid grammatical errors. The language conveys not only information, but also aspects such as our education, culture, education, schooling etc.

What is the structure of the standard letter.


London, April 15, 2013


Company Name

Address of the company

Attn: Mr. (s) xxxxxxxxxxx

Ref: xxxxxx Reserved


Dear Mr. (s) XXXXX

First paragraph or Introduction

Tell why are submitting your resume (response to ad or spontaneous application) and mention the position for which you are applying and where you found the ad. If so, enter the name of one of mutual knowledge. Show that you know the company and the sector. Tell why the company should select you for an interview.

Example 1:

I'm looking for new marketing in the Human Resources department and believe that the company may be interested in my experience and qualifications that meet the requirements presented.

Example 2:

In response to the notice published in the newspaper Daily Telegraph on 15/04/2011, for the post of sales assistant, I hereby present my candidacy, directing, attached my resume.

Second paragraph

Describe what it offers for the company. Tell mainly how your experience and qualifications meet each criterion and requirement presented by the company. Remember you are interpreting your resume and not repeating. Demonstrate your interest and enthusiasm to meet with your credentials qualifications required by the company.

Third and / or fourth paragraph:

Present very briefly your distinctive profile, mentioning their qualifications and experience. Enhances their skills and abilities. Present arguments that create interest for conducting an interview.


Know how to solve problems, deal with people, work as a team, meet deadlines, keep up, learn fast, work under pressure, be entrepreneurial, be able to bring innovative solutions to constantly be engaged and motivated, etc..

Final paragraph:

Thank the company for considering you for the position. Reiterate your interest in the position and report as may be contacted (please email and / or phone). Request an interview where professionals can detail information.

Example 1:

It would be a pleasure to have the opportunity to better detail my experiences and skills in an interview.

Example 2:

I stand as of now available for an interview, during which I can better detail my experiences and skills.

Example 3:

Sending attached my resume and put myself available for an interview, when I can provide more information about my experience and skills.

Final salute

Sincerely or Cordially


(In a letter printed make a manual signature, a letter by email to put your name)

Examples of cover letters

Click on the link above and see models of resumes. The names of companies and professionals are fictitious.

Questions and answers

1. What kind of resume should you use?

There is no ideal model for the development of a curriculum. Set your goal, highlight your key skills and achievements and adapt the curriculum to the prospective employer.

2. What kind of resume should I use if I want to move to another area?

It's useless to make a long list of companies where it has at most will get a job in the same area that has always worked. Highlight transferable skills and other qualifications that may be of interest to potential employers.

3. How do I send the resume to the company?

Send a cover letter to one page only with your resume attached.

4. For those who send the resume?

Address the right professional. If you do not know who is, call the company and ask who is responsible for the department.

5. What are the main mistakes made when preparing a resume?

  • Send picture when it is requested.
  • Submit a resume with typos, defaced or barely readable.
  • Submit a resume disorganized as it can be disqualified.
  • Call attention of recruiters for negatives (eg: reasonable knowledge of …)
  • Putting information like the name and age of children, number of documents (number of ID, voter registration, professional license etc.), courses in excess or courses outside the professional profile
  • Using language confusing or farfetched
  • Very detailed descriptions
  • Place signature
  • Place the salary or wages before.
  • Putting reasons for leaving previous employment. (Only explain in the interview).
  • Putting race, religion and political affiliation;
  • Put references (only present if the company show interest in hiring).

6. How to make a great-looking resume?

  • Use A4 or letter.
  • Use black ink to print.
  • Using inkjet or laser printer.
  • Use only if copiers excellent quality.
  • Print only on one side. At most 2 or 3 pages vary according to the experience of the candidate or the need for inclusion of technical items.
  • In no event prepare a resume with more than 3 pages.
  • Use short sentences. Maximum of 5 lines.
  • Use spaces and margins identical from start to end of the document;
  • If using a chronological resume use bold or different types of letters to highlight what is most important.
  • Do not overdo the graphics capabilities.
  • Write enough to inform and arouse interest.
  • Use large envelope not to crush your resume.
  • Bind not cover or place or laminate.
  • Do not write by hand any kind of information.
  • Do not place photo.
  • Do not write the word “RESUME” in the header.
  • Do not sign the curriculum.
  • Do not send more than one copy of the same company.
  • Do not attach documents (unless otherwise requested).
  • Use Arial, Courier or Times New Roman recognized as the most enjoyable to read.
  • Body 12 is recommended.

7. How to make a resume if my last job was short-lived?

Write your resume in chronological order ordinary. This will emphasize the jobs where older experienced a long period of stability.

8. How to make a resume when you do not have many experience?

The sections of education and professional experience are the essential parts of the “curriculum”. To compensate for the lack of professional experience provide information on extra-professional activities (eg, volunteer activities that reveal the character and capabilities of the other candidate).

9. How to make a resume when there are significant periods of unemployment?

Do not include exact dates of entry and exit of companies. Mention years.

10. How to make a resume if I have more than 45 years?

Do not put your date of birth in the curriculum. Do not mention years that attended college (which could indicate your age). Eliminate some of your older jobs.

11. What is a Portfolio?

It is a set of parts or a folder where the candidate (usually the area of ​​photography, jewelry, or fashion design, advertising and architecture etc.) presents examples of work undertaken and demonstrates their technical and creative. There are models Portfolio. Must be creative, imaginative and original presentation in order to exploit the work performed. There should be sent with the resume however the candidate should take it to the interview.

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