Top 10 Professional Courses after 12th Standard

Indian students consider Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC)/12th as turning point of their lives. Post HSC, students are confronted with multiple choices. Indian colleges and universities offer wide range of courses.

Higher studies after 12th standards come in two categories: Bachelor/ Diploma degree profession linked courses.

Degree/ Diploma courses

These include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Science. Archaic Indian education system permits students to opt for these studies provided they have passed HSC exams in corresponding subjects.

For example, students who take science subjects for HSC usually enroll of BSc while those with commerce studies go for B.Com and arts for BA.

Flawed, inexplicable, opaque migration pattern

Arts students cannot migrate to science or commerce because they are considered relatively tougher subjects, for reasons best known to concerned authorities. Strangely, science and commerce stream HSC students can migrate to arts for their graduation studies- another fundamental problem in the Indian education system.

Job market compatibility

Regardless, BA, B.Com and BSc students face some disadvantage in domestic job market unless they opt for further, employment specific qualifications. These can range from ubiquitous Master of Business Administration to Chartered Accountancy, Microbiology to Social Science.

None of these qualifications assure a job; they only negate an inherent disadvantage over counterparts who study profession linked courses.

Advantage professional courses after 12th

Thanks to reforms in India’s education system, higher study courses that prepare students directly for specific professions are available.

Profession linked course, wrongly termed ‘Professional Course’ in India, provide one distinct advantage over undergraduate courses.

They assure basic employment in that specific sector. Employers seek final year students for work, before or immediately after completing the course.

Practicality over perfidiousness

Indubitably, a profession linked course is better than regular graduation. Some profession centric courses are perfidious: They deceive students into falsely imagining successful career.

Topmost among profession oriented courses that do not pay well are medicine and engineering. Indian Medical Council estimates over 200,000 qualified physicians countrywide are languishing sans employment.

Medical colleges in India churn out some 50,000 doctors annually. All India Council for Technical Education reports, 60 percent of the one million engineers who graduate every year, go unemployed.

Fatal career decisions

Suicide rate among unemployed doctors and engineers is alarming. India has the highest rate of suicides among people aged between 15 and 29 years, with career and unemployment related deaths ranking fairly high. Lack of proper career guidance and career counseling is quoted as reason.

Pressure from parents to study or follow a particular profession is cited as main cause for suicides among students. According to National Crime Records Bureau, a total of 135,445 Indian committed suicide in 2016, including 79,773 men and 40,715 women.

A shocking 40 out of every 100,000 Indians between 15 and 29 commits suicide due to career/ employment issues.

Disclaimer and Important Note

SureJob does not endorse or oppose any profession, career, course or educational institute. Higher education and career are strictly the choice of students and their parents.

This article is solely intended to serve as guidelines for work oriented courses. This website and its owners are not liable for damages of any nature arising due to decisions based on this article.

Top 10 Professional Courses After 12th

1) Engineering

By far, engineering remains one of the career oriented conventional professional course in India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) states, about one million engineers graduate from government universities, polytechnics and private colleges every year.

Unspecified number of Indian students opt for engineering studies in the US and Australia. An engineering course in India costs anything between Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the institute and branch you are choosing.

Top colleges for engineering are Indian Institute for Technology (IIT), College of Technology, Pune, Visveswaraya Institute of Engineering, Bengaluru and Mumbai based Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Sri Bhagubhai Mafatlal Polytechnic and Virmata Jijabai Technological Institute.

2) Law

The demand for law studies in India remains very high. Universities Grant Commission estimates, some 400,000 students graduate with law degrees every year.

The five year course called Bachelor of Arts and Legum Baccalaureus (LLB) is offered primarily at government colleges in India.

A typical BA, LLB course costs around Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 300,000 depending upon the university. Government Law Colleges across the country affiliated to state-run universities offer the course.

3) Medicine

One of the most attractive course after 12th. Over 55,000 students graduate as doctors every year. These include graduates in Allopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani and dentistry streams of medicine.

Common courses are Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science (MBBS), Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Science (BAMS), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Science (BUMS), Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Science (BHMS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS).

In some universities, the word ‘science’ is replaced by ‘surgery’. A course in medical studies costs Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million.

Top colleges in India are All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, Grant Medical College, Mumbai, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Jamia Milia University, New Delhi, Government Medical College, Puducherry and JIPMER, Jaipur.

Courses in psychiatry are offered by National Institute of Mental Health and Neurological Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore and Institute of Psychiatry and Human Behaviour, Goa.

4) Architecture

An estimated 50,000 students graduate from the five-year Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) course in India every year.

But this figure is ambiguous. Various societies of architectures state, civil engineers also study architecture online or private colleges informally.

An architecture course costs between Rs. 200,000 to Rs. 500,000 depending upon the institute.

Top architecture institutes include JJ School of Architecture, Mumbai, Narsi Monjee College of Management, Mumbai and various state-run universities.

5) Journalism

The boom in advertising as well as print, electronic and digital news media, increase in film production has seen a corresponding rise in number of students opting for media and journalism studies as one of the top course after 12th.

Typical journalism courses are of three years and cost around Rs. 300,000 for a Bachelor of Communication and Journalism or Bachelor of Mass Communication degree.

Top universities in this field Osmania University, Hyderabad, Pune University, St. Xavier Institutes, various locations.

The exact number of journalism graduates remains unknown because the stream is considered part of fine arts and literature studies.

6) Chartered Accountant

The best professional course for higher education is Chartered Accountancy. The three to five year course, depending upon the amount of time taken to complete it, allows flexibility to work and study.

Indeed, it is mandatory to work while studying. CA course and exam is administered by ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and no other college or university is authorized to qualify a person as a CA.

The course costs around Rs. 50,000 only, which is the cheapest for all profession related studies. An estimated 100,000 students enroll for the CA exams but only three percent actually complete this highly complex and competitive course.

7) Internet, web designing, IT

India ranks as the top destination for foreign companies looking to hire IT experts. Over 100,000 students enroll for various IT or web design courses in India.

But this figure is far from accurate since a large number of engineering students also take IT related studies as part of their course.

Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Computer Management are some of the top IT related courses offered by various colleges and universities.

A typical three-year course costs around Rs. 400,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the college/ university. IIT and various state-run universities are the best for IT studies.

8) Pharmacy

About 25,000 students graduate as pharmacist from various universities in India every year. Pharmacy studies are gaining momentum due to opening of several new and private healthcare facilities across the country.

India’s Food and Drug Administration has also made it mandatory for all large medical companies, distributors and retailers to hire qualified pharmacists, as part of licensing policy.

A pharmacy course- BPharm- is spread over three years and costs about Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 200,000 each. All major state-run universities offer BPharm courses.

9) Nursing

India requires tens of thousands of nurses, paramedics and care-givers annually due to burgeoning healthcare scenarios.

BSc Nursing is an excellent course to study if you possess acumen for caring for humans of all ages and a stomach to witness blood and gore typical to accidents and surgery wards.

Around 20,000 male and female nurses graduate every year from various medical and nursing colleges in India. Topmost among them are Maharashtra Nursing College, Government College of Nursing, Kerala, Goa Nursing College, various hospitals and medicine study institutes and universities.

A BSc Nursing degree costs between Rs. 100,000 and Rs. 300,000.

10) Commercial Pilot

A huge demand for qualified commercial pilots exists in India as the country’s aviation sector witnesses a boom. Flying is also a very lucrative profession after 12th

It offers commercial pilots an opportunity to see the world. Sadly, training institutes for pilots in India are few. Most aspiring commercial pilots are forced to study abroad or join the Indian Armed Forces for training.

A flying course costs whopping Rs.2.5 million and upwards. India requires about 8,000 commercial pilots annually to keep airlines operational. Local flying schools account for less than 1,000 trained pilots.

A bulk of pilots for India’s civil aviation are provided by the Indian Air Force. The only major flying school in India is Government Aviation Training Institute.

Think out of the box

The course will define your career option after 12th and future life. Sadly in India, students are plagued by the ‘Me Too’ syndrome.

They join a flock rather than study something offbeat. Below are some excellent courses that offer great careers but are relatively unknown-

  • Forensic sciences.
  • Agriculture ( including horticulture and floriculture)
  • Marine biology
  • Geology
  • Logistics and warehousing
  • Pyrotechnics
  • Nutrition
  • Food technology
  • Micro Biology
  • Industrial safety and security

In conclusion

Several key factors are considered by students while enrolling for career oriented professional courses after 12th. In India, the sole decisive factor the tag a student or graduate gets.

Youngsters are more inclined to study for medicine, engineering or IT despite inherent shortcomings of the profession. They choose courses that offer them a tag or label that decides their social status.

Indians go for degrees based on social and matrimonial considerations rather than interest and profitability. Parents do not allow kids to digress from their own archaic beliefs. Great career options are available for all who pass HSC exams.

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Priyanka Nagrale is a passionate writer living in Mumbai with her husband & 2 daughters. Her favorite topics are career & education. She also explores various work from home opportunities that can help people to make some extra income.


  1. i am 12 th bio maths student.i like to go to bio technology.whether it would be fine for my future or not.where i want to be study in abroad or india.what coures i can choose and how many years i want to study.please give a brief explanation and send to my prescribed mail id……

  2. I’m studying 12th std now,I want to become an IAS officer so for that I have to complete any one degre but I’m not sure which has more scope in relation to that.will you please offer me a best reply?

  3. I am working in indian air force.. . I did my +2 in 2014 .then i got selected. what should i do Further education for a better carreer?
    Thanks you

  4. hye m sidhi m married m complet12 class in up board but i think i do other corse but i have no idea what i can do for life setel corse

  5. Can u pls help me….i had choosen a wrong group MPC as i am studying inter 2nd year…..i am not able to concentrate on it ….i am not even getting it… i am interested in business side…so pls suggest me some group linked to business or some other but which is not related to maths or phy or chem… please reply me as fast as possible…..thank u for giving this oppurtunity

  6. Sir, I am very poor,when I four year then my father dead, what I do, I don’t undesstand,pleas tell me a solution,my mother is pasent of cancer, I want money, mai koi course krke gulf country ja Kr paisa kmana chahta hu ,mai inter me 80 % paya hu, pleas help me,

  7. Sir
    I self sibbu singh basically i belong the bihar because some days before i am stay in gudgaon 55/56
    I have done 10+2
    I have also done phdca
    But sir i think…i want to do any professional courses then i can flight my goals .
    As fot,s hardware in networing for me i am selected..but..i want to takr suggest you..plzzz sirr tell me if have you any course better for me
    .now just sir

  8. after 12th whitch course sweateble for me . I am poor man and my cerrcumtances is not abailavel but i beacome a doctor

  9. This inbadurai I have discontinued my be mechanical engineering now I am planning to join any technical course through 12 th certificate.any one please guide me which technical course I could select.

  10. I am studying class 12. I would like to persue in a science course which include some observations, deductions, chemistry , physics, forensics, little biology and light mathematics and psycology. I should get time to research practically theoretically socially and personnally. Which course should I select next ?

  11. I loss lost of time on engg. now i wanna just stop this.. And wanna join some interesting career stream just like minning. Will it work for me better…

  12. Sir i have recently passed 12th PCM and now I’m confused either I will go for polytechnic or for B.Sc…..plz sir help me or tell me any other option for job oriented future course .?mmmm

  13. I m going to pursue b sc it. And i have little knowledge of computer. Will it bw difficult for me or its right choice.

  14. This article help to take a decision. Thank you. I decided to study forensic science. But I think I am too late, how can I take admission for it in this movement. Please help me.

  15. I am comolested my 12th but I went to do som special courses for 1 year Eni think courseshe so he’ll probably to me

  16. I am a MBA Finance I completed my 2016 in las september am not interested in Accounting/Fianance.I don’t know what course I will opt.Now I have an interest to take Which Professional course I am take ?Will it be difficult for me to study please tell me

  17. Hello, I have a friend who has done 12th science and he didn’t continue with his studies, he had to support his family so got into call centre. Now he wants to complete his further studies and also do some distance courses. do reply.

  18. 1-iit do
    2-aiims do mbbs
    3-mbbs from any institute from nit
    5-other medical courses-BDS,BPT,BAMS,BHMS
    10-diploma in various courses

  19. I want to go for merchant navy but I have no guidance for its courses.
    I have my completed 12th from science( pcm) please help me in this regard

  20. I have passed 12 class with 63percent in maths science streamed what to do for for better future within reasonable amount

  21. I completed 12th but I want professional courses plz sir detail Jo market me jyada acha responsible mile

  22. Hi sir this year I passed 12th class but I don’t know that what should I do now I’m commerce student suggest me what courses will be good for me.

  23. I have completed my graduate degree I am interested pathology course can I apply in this course plzzz suggest…..

  24. i have stopped my engineering in between 2nd year now i am thinking to take degree which course is the best right now to take

  25. My son is reading in 12th com. at DPS.He has interested to study CS.But after 12th com. what kind of professional course should be fulfill all his desire?

  26. I have completed my 12 th standard and I am interested in game designing and animation .is it best course.then suggest me some colleges.

  27. I’m 12th pass out stream maths and m confused so much which course is better for me i don’t want to become an engeneer bt i target to complete upsc so i want to know if i enter bhu would this help for upsc and is it right for me??? Because when i say i want to crack upsc exam in one time my parents also laugh on me and they think m useless because one mistake had done by me m failure in 12th that’s why my parents don’t want to invest money on me soooooooooooooo what i do?????

  28. Hi I’m doing B. Sc in maths, stats and economics. But I also want to do something else along with it as side course which can help me later. Can you please suggest some.

  29. I completed 12 th before 7 yrs..for family problm i cant complete my graduation..i want to complete my graduation..plz help me which course is good for me to find out about course as external student

  30. Hi am passing 12 th stn but i don,t know what would i do but one thing about me that is am interested in biology so what i do?

  31. Sir.
    I scored 75% in 12 th..
    I would like to choose any special course to do. Please help me sir. The given above courses must need higher marks than i achieved.

  32. I am interested in learning some new engineering course and I also need to know the scope of that course in foreign countries and as well as in India.

  33. Sir I completed diploma mechanical after plus 2 but I not interested to study BE. What course I take and study please sir guide me


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