Top 10 Professional Courses after 12th Standard

Indian students consider Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC)/12th as turning point of their lives. Post HSC, students are confronted with multiple choices. Indian colleges and universities offer wide range of courses.

Higher studies after 12th standards come in two categories: Bachelor/ Diploma degree profession linked courses.

Degree/ Diploma courses

These include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Science. Archaic Indian education system permits students to opt for these studies provided they have passed HSC exams in corresponding subjects.

For example, students who take science subjects for HSC usually enroll of BSc while those with commerce studies go for B.Com and arts for BA.

Flawed, inexplicable, opaque migration pattern

Arts students cannot migrate to science or commerce because they are considered relatively tougher subjects, for reasons best known to concerned authorities. Strangely, science and commerce stream HSC students can migrate to arts for their graduation studies- another fundamental problem in the Indian education system.

Job market compatibility

Regardless, BA, B.Com and BSc students face some disadvantage in domestic job market unless they opt for further, employment specific qualifications. These can range from ubiquitous Master of Business Administration to Chartered Accountancy, Microbiology to Social Science.

None of these qualifications assure a job; they only negate an inherent disadvantage over counterparts who study profession linked courses.

Advantage professional courses after 12th

Thanks to reforms in India’s education system, higher study courses that prepare students directly for specific professions are available.

Profession linked course, wrongly termed ‘Professional Course’ in India, provide one distinct advantage over undergraduate courses.

They assure basic employment in that specific sector. Employers seek final year students for work, before or immediately after completing the course.

Practicality over perfidiousness

Indubitably, a profession linked course is better than regular graduation. Some profession centric courses are perfidious: They deceive students into falsely imagining successful career.

Topmost among profession oriented courses that do not pay well are medicine and engineering. Indian Medical Council estimates over 200,000 qualified physicians countrywide are languishing sans employment.

Medical colleges in India churn out some 50,000 doctors annually. All India Council for Technical Education reports, 60 percent of the one million engineers who graduate every year, go unemployed.

Fatal career decisions

Suicide rate among unemployed doctors and engineers is alarming. India has the highest rate of suicides among people aged between 15 and 29 years, with career and unemployment related deaths ranking fairly high. Lack of proper career guidance and career counseling is quoted as reason.

Pressure from parents to study or follow a particular profession is cited as main cause for suicides among students. According to National Crime Records Bureau, a total of 135,445 Indian committed suicide in 2016, including 79,773 men and 40,715 women.

A shocking 40 out of every 100,000 Indians between 15 and 29 commits suicide due to career/ employment issues.

Disclaimer and Important Note

SureJob does not endorse or oppose any profession, career, course or educational institute. Higher education and career are strictly the choice of students and their parents.

This article is solely intended to serve as guidelines for work oriented courses. This website and its owners are not liable for damages of any nature arising due to decisions based on this article.

Top 10 Professional Courses After 12th

1) Engineering

By far, engineering remains one of the career oriented conventional professional course in India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) states, about one million engineers graduate from government universities, polytechnics and private colleges every year.

Unspecified number of Indian students opt for engineering studies in the US and Australia. An engineering course in India costs anything between Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the institute and branch you are choosing.

Top colleges for engineering are Indian Institute for Technology (IIT), College of Technology, Pune, Visveswaraya Institute of Engineering, Bengaluru and Mumbai based Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Sri Bhagubhai Mafatlal Polytechnic and Virmata Jijabai Technological Institute.

2) Law

The demand for law studies in India remains very high. Universities Grant Commission estimates, some 400,000 students graduate with law degrees every year.

The five year course called Bachelor of Arts and Legum Baccalaureus (LLB) is offered primarily at government colleges in India.

A typical BA, LLB course costs around Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 300,000 depending upon the university. Government Law Colleges across the country affiliated to state-run universities offer the course.

3) Medicine

One of the most attractive course after 12th. Over 55,000 students graduate as doctors every year. These include graduates in Allopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani and dentistry streams of medicine.

Common courses are Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science (MBBS), Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Science (BAMS), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Science (BUMS), Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Science (BHMS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS).

In some universities, the word ‘science’ is replaced by ‘surgery’. A course in medical studies costs Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million.

Top colleges in India are All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, Grant Medical College, Mumbai, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Jamia Milia University, New Delhi, Government Medical College, Puducherry and JIPMER, Jaipur.

Courses in psychiatry are offered by National Institute of Mental Health and Neurological Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore and Institute of Psychiatry and Human Behaviour, Goa.

4) Architecture

An estimated 50,000 students graduate from the five-year Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) course in India every year.

But this figure is ambiguous. Various societies of architectures state, civil engineers also study architecture online or private colleges informally.

An architecture course costs between Rs. 200,000 to Rs. 500,000 depending upon the institute.

Top architecture institutes include JJ School of Architecture, Mumbai, Narsi Monjee College of Management, Mumbai and various state-run universities.

5) Journalism

The boom in advertising as well as print, electronic and digital news media, increase in film production has seen a corresponding rise in number of students opting for media and journalism studies as one of the top course after 12th.

Typical journalism courses are of three years and cost around Rs. 300,000 for a Bachelor of Communication and Journalism or Bachelor of Mass Communication degree.

Top universities in this field Osmania University, Hyderabad, Pune University, St. Xavier Institutes, various locations.

The exact number of journalism graduates remains unknown because the stream is considered part of fine arts and literature studies.

6) Chartered Accountant

The best professional course for higher education is Chartered Accountancy. The three to five year course, depending upon the amount of time taken to complete it, allows flexibility to work and study.

Indeed, it is mandatory to work while studying. CA course and exam is administered by ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and no other college or university is authorized to qualify a person as a CA.

The course costs around Rs. 50,000 only, which is the cheapest for all profession related studies. An estimated 100,000 students enroll for the CA exams but only three percent actually complete this highly complex and competitive course.

7) Internet, web designing, IT

India ranks as the top destination for foreign companies looking to hire IT experts. Over 100,000 students enroll for various IT or web design courses in India.

But this figure is far from accurate since a large number of engineering students also take IT related studies as part of their course.

Bachelor of Computer Science, Bachelor of Computer Management are some of the top IT related courses offered by various colleges and universities.

A typical three-year course costs around Rs. 400,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the college/ university. IIT and various state-run universities are the best for IT studies.

8) Pharmacy

About 25,000 students graduate as pharmacist from various universities in India every year. Pharmacy studies are gaining momentum due to opening of several new and private healthcare facilities across the country.

India’s Food and Drug Administration has also made it mandatory for all large medical companies, distributors and retailers to hire qualified pharmacists, as part of licensing policy.

A pharmacy course- BPharm- is spread over three years and costs about Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 200,000 each. All major state-run universities offer BPharm courses.

9) Nursing

India requires tens of thousands of nurses, paramedics and care-givers annually due to burgeoning healthcare scenarios.

BSc Nursing is an excellent course to study if you possess acumen for caring for humans of all ages and a stomach to witness blood and gore typical to accidents and surgery wards.

Around 20,000 male and female nurses graduate every year from various medical and nursing colleges in India. Topmost among them are Maharashtra Nursing College, Government College of Nursing, Kerala, Goa Nursing College, various hospitals and medicine study institutes and universities.

A BSc Nursing degree costs between Rs. 100,000 and Rs. 300,000.

10) Commercial Pilot

A huge demand for qualified commercial pilots exists in India as the country’s aviation sector witnesses a boom. Flying is also a very lucrative profession after 12th

It offers commercial pilots an opportunity to see the world. Sadly, training institutes for pilots in India are few. Most aspiring commercial pilots are forced to study abroad or join the Indian Armed Forces for training.

A flying course costs whopping Rs.2.5 million and upwards. India requires about 8,000 commercial pilots annually to keep airlines operational. Local flying schools account for less than 1,000 trained pilots.

A bulk of pilots for India’s civil aviation are provided by the Indian Air Force. The only major flying school in India is Government Aviation Training Institute.

Think out of the box

The course will define your career option after 12th and future life. Sadly in India, students are plagued by the ‘Me Too’ syndrome.

They join a flock rather than study something offbeat. Below are some excellent courses that offer great careers but are relatively unknown-

  • Forensic sciences.
  • Agriculture ( including horticulture and floriculture)
  • Marine biology
  • Geology
  • Logistics and warehousing
  • Pyrotechnics
  • Nutrition
  • Food technology
  • Micro Biology
  • Industrial safety and security

In conclusion

Several key factors are considered by students while enrolling for career oriented professional courses after 12th. In India, the sole decisive factor the tag a student or graduate gets.

Youngsters are more inclined to study for medicine, engineering or IT despite inherent shortcomings of the profession. They choose courses that offer them a tag or label that decides their social status.

Indians go for degrees based on social and matrimonial considerations rather than interest and profitability. Parents do not allow kids to digress from their own archaic beliefs. Great career options are available for all who pass HSC exams.


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  • Sir I am a graduate in bsc CA nd I dont want to further do msc so can you suggest sme diploma course for 1 year as m planning to go overseas for higher studies but I dont want to waste this year so could u suggest me some diploma courses

  • Respected Sir,
    I have completed with my 12th standard with 52 percentage and I want to do something different or I want to do something course which is right for me or which is possible for me.
    I want u to help me for the same as soon as possible because I m confused what to do further after 12th.
    Please help me for the same as soon as possible.

  • Sir I complete my +2 and I study now continued on BSC (CBz)subject and I did not know what I read after my gradation and I want to a good jobs so please said me what I read after my gradation

  • Sir I’m too confused so as to what to do after 12th. Right now I’m in 12, pursuing the commerce stream along with maths. I don’t wanna go into accounting much and I fairly like management so I think I should go for BBA MMS degree from Narsee Monjee. Though I’m still confused. Please contact me as soon as possible

  • Pls help me what I do after +2 I m science (non medical) student but I m not interested in engeering so pls help me what course is good for me I got 82% in +2 so tell me what course is good for me plz reply me fast sir

  • Hello sir, I completed 12th with PCM. Sir i am very confused to what i do after 12th.
    I want to do special coarse for 1-2 year.
    So plz help me sir.
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  • Its chaitanya..
    I’m 12th pass student..I got 55%
    I’m not interested in engineering bsc or other fields I want to do something new but I didn’t knew new courses
    My prblm is that I don’t know my interest and qualities….i m very confused about it how to choose any field..pls help me to clear that confusion

  • Sir…can I choose bcs after completing 12 th..?? My maths is little bit this field is good for me or not..plzz suggest the will give me a good salary job or not..??plzz i’m waiting for ans.

  • Sir…can I choose bcs after completing 12 th..?? My maths is little bit this field is good for me or not..plzz suggest the will give me a good salary job or not..??plzz i’m waiting for ans.

  • Hello sir. .Soon before I’hd passed 12th std by 55% & i’m very disappointed by my lowest marks so I request u that plz show me d right path for my future career. . .bcoz I’hd interest 2b an Air hostess n I want 2. . .bt my parents doesn’t allow me so plz tell me what 2do. . .?? except this job. . .it will be very great help 4 me so kindly show me right path *

  • What should i do after my 12 as i donot get good percentage in12 should i drop a year for btech or i should do anything else

  • Hey. I’m confused between bba/bfm/bms. Which course is the best and has great scope in future?

  • Hi
    My brother passed 12 th cbse in science stream and attendend entrances exam too but only for b arch , he scored with in 5000 rank. He is suggesting for CA course. Is that course provides bcom degree also along to ca .pls suggest

  • i passed 12th with vocational stream with 65% but now i m confussed which course are best for me….i m confused for taking decision i already waste 1 year i dont understand what course is best for me.plz suggest me…

  • It’s really helpful for me…i was totally confused about..what after 12 th class….
    Who were is with such trouble plz read the article….

  • hi.I’m a student of subjects are biology, chemistry, nutrition, geography… my secondary number is 377 but I have no idea what I do ..what I will read ..pls help me I am really help less.. reply me as soon as possible ,thank u

  • hlo slr /mam l was realy confuse becuse what next my parents are advice me to do BE but I was real intrested in BCA and pharma plz give me ur sugetion

  • I got 58% in science . So can i get a good college for pharmacy? Or i should look for another field other than sciense stream

  • I m a science (pcmb) student . I have scored 65% in 12 … I m very much confused nd tensed which course I must go for??? Plss help me to get out of this confusion..I thought to do dietician in medical…….what should I do now???

  • I have completed my 12th class.I was having the science stream.I am confused to what to do in upcoming studies . I am interested in areonautical engineering and animation n designing. So what should I go for…plz tell me plz

  • Sir i am finishing 12th.i am intersted in science,genetics,human cutoff is 164.50.eng cutoff is 159.50.pls guide me to choose which course i have to taken for my best future.pls help me i am from poor family my mon didnt know about father died when i was young.pls help me

  • Sir.. m currently studying 12th PCMB
    My desire is to opt a profession worth working for all my life , with a opportunity to travel the Globe with some necessary money. Adding with financially weak background. It’s a keen request to u , please suggest me …!

  • Hello sir am shaheali
    My self completed 12th
    After 12th am not interested in engg
    Without engg
    Any best opp to join
    Suggest me best decision sir my father is saying degree ,u r not interested in engg….if course I would join u….know it

  • I have completed my 12th std in science stream but I am no more intrested in doing my further studies in any of science course. I want to study english subject . Can you please a suitable degree course of it?

  • Sir I am very confused to deside my group in degree I have completed my inter 2nd year group (MPC)so please suggest me the best group sir

  • Sir I am very confused to deside my group in degree I have completed my inter 2nd year group (MPC)so please suggest me the best group sir

  • I have completed my 12th
    I had taken arts in intermediate
    Can you help which course is better for me in degree

  • I m a 12 th science student with PCM and I m interested in computers and technologies … Is cyber security a good course for me???
    Cyber security has good scope or not??
    Plz rply as much soon as possible…

  • My name is Pawan Chatterjee … At present , I’m in STD 10 .. honestly speaking , I don’t have any interest in any stream .. it’ll be great if anyone here can refer me a good and advantageous profession with high salary and a respectful post … Thank you ?

  • sir main ne 10th ke exam deye hai ab main confuse ho sir main polytecnic cse se karo ya 12th ke baad karo ha sir polytecnic se mujhe ache job mil sakte hai

  • I am finishing 12th.I have interested in medicine and science medical cut off is eng cut off is 159.50.pls guide me to choose the best fields for my future. Pls help me to guide what courses I have to choosenter. Pls help me

  • I just completed my inter. I have taken mpc. But am not interested in doing engineering and degree. I am in big confusion. Plz help me out of choosing other courses. So that I could succeed in my life.

  • Hello Sir I passed my Intermediate Examination (PCM) in 2016.
    Now I’m very tensed about my future.
    Which course is better for me BBA, B.TECH OR HOTEL MANAGEMENT??
    I’m interested in Bussiness Line and Management line too.
    I wants to be a MANAGER
    So please suggest me whiche line is best for me?
    After BBA can I get Job??

  • Sir..Mah name is Rakhi…I studied Mpc..And I got 972…. So I need Ur advice to do a coarse which has fair employment…? Please. Help me out

  • I’m too much confused with my career,what is the best course it want to be interesting (I like to create new things and hacking, photography) but my parents r not allowing me study these.i don’t want any engineering course ( which is hard to study and without any interesting things in it ) I like arts and science . There is any good course with good job opportunity in it, except IT filed ( BSC computer,BCA).Pls help me

  • my bro cmpletd GM group in 12th std,he is not intersted in engineering what course he may do xcpt engineering..plz rply me

  • I want to do cs…but my result is pending of 12th cbse so what necessary preparation regarding course,study and registration also study material i must do plz suggest…

  • My name is joju john,iam a bio science student ,this information. will helps me to take. a right. action in my future ,thank u

  • Sir, I m gayathri I have completed my 12 th I m so confused of choosing a professional carriers I m not interested in engineering I m interested in going the bio related courses now a days which one of the bio field is scopeful pls help me to choose sir